topPower Converter Characteristics

C11 cubicle
C11 Miebach
Power In 3 ~ 400V/50A
Power Out 250A/100V
Converter Type Thyristors 6P
Control type Front end VME

topOperation Responsibles

1st Intervention Piquet Area icon Piquet SY-EPC Experimental Areas(163668)
Responsibles: Yves GAILLARD

topPower Converter Architecture

The C11 Power Converter is used in North experimental area to power correction magnets, for DC application.

This power converter is composed of 3 main parts:

The Power part contains the transformer,the Main Circuit Breaker, the thyristors bridge, the DCCT, the polarity reversal switch and auxiliary circuitry.

The Power Supply Crate is integrated directly in the Power Converter enclosure. Its function is to provide the local interface between the Power Converter and the Converter Crate.

The Converter Crate is remotely located from the rest of the power converter components, in a temperature controlled area, to enhance the stability of the analog circuitry. Its function is to achieve with two loops the regulation of the output current and voltage and interface to a common data bus which is daisy chained externally to other Power Converters and to the VME front end with the Data Bus.

C11 power architecture

North Area power converter architecture

topPower Part

Four units are accommodate in one enclosure.

The C11 power converter consists of a transformer cubicle and a adjacent four module rectifier cubicle.

The transformer primary is delta wired and the four secondary windings are star connections. Each secondary feeds a 3 phases thyristor bridge assembly via a remotely controllable contactor.

The secondary circuits are protected against negative voltage by free wheeling diodes.The DC output is connected to a polarity reversal switch, allowing the output voltage to be connected normally, inverted or disconnected from the load. A current bleeder system allows low current operation.

Power In 3 ~ 400V/50A
Power Out 250A/100V
Cooling type Fans
Converter Weight Power module 820 kg (Supply crate included)
Converter Size width: 1500mm 
depth: 1500mm
height: 2300mm

Power Part simplified Architecture / Topology .pdf

topControl & Regulation Part

Control: The new VME crate is in operation since 2006 and replaced the old junction crate. It's the heart of the control system, there is one crate installed per building.

Control system

Control system simplified schematic

Software architecture

Software architecture simplified schematic

Software used to control North power converters:

  • CESAR Control System: CESAR is a BE-CO client-server control system for the beamlines of the SPS experimental areas, used by an overall community of over 1000 experimental physicists. Apart from controlling 30 different types of hardware, CESAR is capable of reliably managing beamline settings. CESAR communicates with the FESA Class : PowJC and it is used mostly by the Operators in order to control the North Area Converters and Spectrometers. No LSA/INCA Settings exist , until today, for PowJC.
  • FESA Software: PowJC FESA Class is the software that controls the Junction Crate Converters
  • EPCview (Labview Application)

Regulation: Regulation of the output current and voltage is achieved with two loops, one for the voltage and one for the current. The voltage loop ensures fast correction of the output for perturbations on the incoming mains supply. The current loop ensures stabilisation for low frequency perturbations and has a variable integration time constant selection possibility. The voltage loop feedback is from a resistor potential divider network connected across the final output. The current loop is driven by a remote controlled precision reference source (DAC). A precision current transducer (DCCT) measures the output current and produces a voltage developed across high precision and stability resistors (burden). A precision comparator amplifier with very high gain, compares the DAC and DCCT signals and produces a voltage to drive the voltage loop of the regulator. The regulator circuit develops a control voltage (-5 to +7V) from the above two loops, to control the firing of the thyristor bridges. The firing of the thyristors in the bridge, which is synchronised with the 50 Hz incoming supply, occurs at a 300 Hz frequency. During operation such as Polarity Switch change and under fault circumstances, the Blocking signal acts directly on the Thyristor trigger drivers to inhibit the output firing circuits.

Regulation principle  6P

Regulation Control simplified schematic .jpg

topMagnet Protection

Each magnet connected to a North Area Power Converter can have a number of bits of feedback data for monitoring its status.

These can be as follows depending on the magnet involved:

  • Water Pressure: This is a pressure sensor installed at the input of the cooling loop, integrated in the magnet. This alarm can also be triggered by a water flow sensor installed on some “Eletta” water cooled cables, which is wired in series with the magnet alarm. There is no separate alarm given.
  • Water Temperature: This is a temperature sensor located at the exhaust side of the cooling loop.
  • Coil Temperature: This is a series of temperature thermostats selected to protect the appropriate magnet against excessive coil temperature.
  • Rheostat: This is no longer used, except to indicate a fault on the “Eletta” water cooled cables on GOLIATH magnet.
  • Red Button: This is an “Emergency Off” switch located on the magnet to allow shut down of the associated Power Converter(s) in the event that someone working in the vicinity detects a fault. The Red Button alarm can also come, for selected Power Converters, from a contact on the Access System which is in series with the Red Button of the magnet.
  • Terminal Box: This is a door interlock switch located on the second terminal box, installed between the Power Converter and the magnet. This interlock can be bypassed on the Power Control Crate by inserting a jumper on the front panel.(Safety procedures are affected by this action).
  • Earth Fault: Monitor Earth current of the total circuit: converter + load (magnet and its DC cables), and take the right action if threshold reached. All four positive output points before the Polarity Switch are strapped together and connected to the Earth Leakage Protection sensor relay. Activation of the Earth Leakage sensor relay for either Power Converter will be indicated in the status data

Activation of any of the above signals automatically causes the “Stop” signal to be generated, causing the Reference Current value to go to zero, followed 30 seconds later with the switch off of the MCB, if the Polarity switch is not in the Stop position. This is initiated by the MCB Release signal.

topMagnet connection

In North area, there are two ways to connect a power converter to a magnet:

  • Terminal Box (TB): Two terminal boxes are installed between the power converter and the magnet, one in the auxiliary building and the other one in the experimental area.
  • Line selector matrix: Some Power Converters in buildings BA80 and BA81 are connected to a Line Selector Matrix for routing the output to different locations in the area. The matrix can only be configured manually and the contacts are rated for a maximum of <1000 Amps, restricting which type of Power Converter can be routed in this fashion.The purpose of this is to purely provide some flexibility when configuring the different experimental beams.

Magnet connection

Magnet connection simplified schematic

Terminal Box

Terminal boxes

Line selector mattrix

Line selector mattrix

topMagnet Types

C11 power converters supplies the following loads:

  • TRIM Magnets MDX, MDS
  • Magnetic Collimator XCM
  • Magnetised Iron Block MIB

topMachine Installation

Number of C11 power converters installed in North area:

topProduction Contract & Contract History

  • Manufacturer: MIEBACH
  • Production year: 1976